Alcohol use often begins in adolescence or earlier. By the end of high school, about 75% of adolescents have tried alcohol, and more than half of 12th grade students report having been drunk at least once in their life. Although alcohol use is common, it has very serious consequences. Adolescents who drink alcohol experience negative health and social consequences, including problems with brain development and learning. Alcohol is involved in more than one-third of the adolescent deaths associated with unintentional injury, homicide, and suicide. These 3 causes together are the main causes of mortality in the US adolescent population.
There are many ways in which parents can prevent alcohol misuse by adolescents.
Talk early and often about your family's views and rules about alcohol. These talks can make a big impression on teens, especially if they happen before the adolescent is in a situation in which alcohol is available.
Place any alcoholic beverages in your home in a safe place that you monitor frequently.
Do not host parties where alcohol is served to minors. Do not serve alcohol to your own children in your home. These measures will not prevent alcohol problems or teach “safe drinking.” They are more likely to backfire and teach your children that underaged drinking is acceptable. Also, parents can be legally responsible for any problems or injuries resulting from these parties.
Media, including advertisements, television, movies, and social networking sites, can present a message that alcohol is fun and without risks. Talk with your children about how these messages are false and misleading.
Encourage your child's interest in other activities such as school clubs, sports, or arts. Involvement in these activities may prevent involvement in alcohol use.
Yearly checkups are an opportunity for your pediatrician to talk with your child about ways to stay healthy. These discussions may include talking about alcohol use and other health risks.
If you have concerns about your child's alcohol use, a first place to begin is with your pediatrician. If you are not sure whether your child has a problem or not, it is better to see your pediatrician sooner rather than later (ie, waiting until an accident or injury happens). Your pediatrician can provide screening for alcohol use, and then direct you to resources and referrals as needed. There are many treatment options for adolescent alcohol abuse; an article in this issue of the Archives describes some of the more commonly used treatment approaches. Treatment typically involves counseling for the adolescent patient, and many approaches also involve parents. In more serious cases, the adolescent may need to be in an inpatient treatment center for days or weeks.
Leadership To Keep Children Alcohol Free Foundation http://www.alcoholfreechildren.org/
To find this and other Advice for Patients articles, go to the Advice for Patients link on the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine Web site at http://www.archpediatrics.com
Sources: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and American Academy of Pediatrics
The Advice for Patients feature is a public service of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. The information and recommendations appearing on this page are appropriate in most instances, but they are not a substitute for medical diagnosis. For specific information concerning your child's medical condition, Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine suggests that you consult your child's physician. This page may be photocopied noncommercially by physicians and other health care professionals to share with patients. To purchase bulk reprints, call 312/464-0776.
Furtner F, Rivara FP. Preventing and Treating Adolescent Alcohol Use. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2011;165(3):284. doi:10.1001/archpediatrics.2011.11