This Viewpoint discusses the inadequacy of current physician performance assessment and suggests a framework to improve assessment.
This Viewpoint discusses the potential to create a national health data system with detailed patient- and hospital-level data sets that could help identify gaps in care; scientifically test regional, state, and federal policies in an iterative manner; and improve health care and outcomes nationwide.
This follow-up of a randomized clinical trial examines whether the ParentCorps intervention delivered in prekindergarten in high-poverty, urban schools leads to fewer mental health problems and increased academic performance in the early elementary school years.
This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates the effect of corticosteroid therapy in Kawasaki disease.
This observational cohort study compares rates of neonatal morbidities and 18- to 22-month neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely premature infants exposed to partial or complete courses of antenatal steroids vs those exposed to no antenatal steroids.
This cost-effectiveness analysis estimates the cost-effectiveness of universal and targeted newborn congenital cytomegalovirus screening programs vs no screening among infants in US postpartum care and early hearing programs.
This cohort study evaluates the trend of antibiotic use in very low-birth-weight infants across Canada and the association between antibiotic use rates and mortality and morbidity among neonates without culture-proven sepsis or necrotizing enterocolitis.
This population-based study uses data from the Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Study Group registry to assess the association of inhaled nitric oxide with pulmonary hypertension and mortality in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia.
This analysis of the Kids’ Inpatient Database, a US national hospital discharge database, assesses changes in the incidence and characteristics of hospitalizations attributed to opioid poisoning in children and adolescents.
This systematic review and meta-analysis examines whether there is an association between use of cell phones and tablet devices in the sleep environment and sleep outcomes in children and adolescents.
This cross-sectional analysis uses NHANES data to investigate the association of stimulant use with bone mass in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
This multicenter cohort study examines the association between health-related quality of life and persistent postconcussion symptoms at 4 weeks after concussion and the degree of impairment of health-related quality of life in the subsequent 12 weeks.
This review provides an overview of measles, including information on virus basics, clinical picture and diagnosis, complications, vaccine efficacy, and vaccine complications.
This review discusses how clinicians should navigate end-of-life conversations with adolescent patients when there is resistance to do so from parents.
An 18-month-old boy had a rash on the left lower extremity. He was fully vaccinated, with routine vaccines at 12 months of age administered in the left thigh, and the influenza vaccine was administered 1 week prior to presentation in the left buttock, after which his parents noted a red patch near the site of vaccination. What is your diagnosis?