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September 2016 - January 1911




October 1, 2016, Vol 170, No. 10, Pages 919-1032

In This Issue of JAMA Pediatrics


Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(10):919. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2557

Unintended Consequences of Current Breastfeeding Initiatives

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(10):923-924. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.1529

This Viewpoint argues that rigid adherence to the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding component of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative may inadvertently promote potentially hazardous practices.

Implementation of the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding Saves Lives

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(10):925-926. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2015

This Viewpoint discusses the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding component of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative, intended to optimize newborn care and health in the immediate postpartum period.

The Globally Synchronized Switch—Another Milestone Toward Achieving Polio Eradication

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(10):927-928. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.1718

This Viewpoint discusses the global effort to synchronize transition from trivalent to bivalent oral polio vaccine as a crucial component of the effort to eradicate polio.

Developing Policy When Evidence Is Lacking

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(10):929-930. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.1945

This Viewpoint discusses how the Commission to Eliminate Child Abuse and Neglect Fatalities developed policy recommendations in the absence of trial data, relying strongly on aggregate testimony from communities.

On My Mind

From Emotional Tsunami to Empathy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(10):931. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.0981

On the US Preventive Services Task Force Statement on Screening for Lipid Disorders in Children and AdolescentsOne Step Forward and 2 Steps Sideways

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(10):932-934. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2315

This Editorial discusses the US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement on screening for lipid disorders in children and adolescents.

Applying the Australian New Zealand Cooperative on Outcomes in Staphylococcal Sepsis Pediatric Data to the US PopulationIs It Half a World Away?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(10):934-936. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.1970

Cerebral Oxygenation and Transfusion for Severe AnemiaSearching for Functional Outcomes to Guide Transfusion

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(10):936-937. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.1730

Implications of Thiamine Fortification in Cambodian Fish Sauce

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(10):e162199. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2199
Original Investigation

Estimating the Number of Pregnant Women Infected With Zika Virus and Expected Infants With Microcephaly Following the Zika Virus Outbreak in Puerto Rico, 2016

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(10):940-945. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2974

This modeling study estimates the number of pregnant women infected with Zika virus in Puerto Rico and the number of associated congenital microcephaly cases.

Activity-Related Symptom Exacerbations After Pediatric Concussion

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(10):946-953. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.1187

This secondary analysis of a trial evaluating the efficacy of strict rest after pediatric concussion characterizes the incidence, course, and clinical significance of activity-related symptom exacerbations within 10 days of injury.

Neurodevelopmental Outcomes Among Extremely Preterm Infants 6.5 Years After Active Perinatal Care in Sweden

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(10):954-963. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.1210

This national cohort study characterizes neurodevelopmental outcomes at age 6.5 years of children who had extreme preterm births (<27 weeks) in Sweden.

Association of Acetaminophen Use During Pregnancy With Behavioral Problems in ChildhoodEvidence Against Confounding

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(10):964-970. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.1775

This cohort study compares estimates of association between parental acetaminophen use and child conduct disorders for maternal prenatal, maternal postnatal, and partner use to understand the degree to which unmeasured behavioral variables might account for observed associations.

Association Between Nonmedical Use of Prescription Drugs and Suicidal Behavior Among Adolescents

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(10):971-978. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.1802

This cohort study investigates associations between nonmedical use of opioids, sedatives, or stimulants, and suicidal ideation and attempts among Chinese adolescents.

Epidemiology and Mortality of Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia in Australian and New Zealand Children

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(10):979-986. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.1477

This population epidemiology study describes the incidence and clinical characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia in children in Australia and New Zealand between 2007 and 2012.

Differences in the Quality of Pediatric Resuscitative Care Across a Spectrum of Emergency Departments

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(10):987-994. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.1550

This study measures and compares the quality of resuscitative care delivered to simulated pediatric patients across a spectrum of pediatric emergency departments and general emergency departments in the United States.

Cerebral Oximetry in Ugandan Children With Severe AnemiaClinical Categories and Response to Transfusion

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(10):995-1002. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.1254

This observational study measured hemoglobin saturation in cerebral tissue before, during, and after blood transfusion in a cohort of Ugandan children with severe anemia.

Prevalence of Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes in Children With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(10):e161971. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.1971

This study assesses the prevalence of type 2 diabetes and prediabetes in children with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and assesses type 2 diabetes and prediabetes as risk factors for nonalcoholic steatohepatitis.

Perinatal Consumption of Thiamine-Fortified Fish Sauce in Rural CambodiaA Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(10):e162065. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2065

This randomized clinical trial determines whether consumption of thiamine-fortified fish sauce yields higher erythrocyte thiamine diphosphate concentrations among lactating women and their newborn infants and higher breast milk thiamine concentrations compared with a control sauce.

Special Communication

Capitalizing on Advances in Science to Reduce the Health Consequences of Early Childhood Adversity

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(10):1003-1007. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.1559

This Special Communication emphasizes the need to develop practices and policies to address adverse childhood experiences from the prenatal period through the first 3 years of life to prevent and manage stress-related disorders.


Thyroid Disorders in Children and AdolescentsA Review

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(10):1008-1019. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.0486

This review provides a practical review of the presentation, evaluation, and treatment of thyroid disorders commonly encountered in a primary care practice.

JAMA Pediatrics Clinical Challenge

A 7-Year-Old Girl With Periorbital Edema, Ecchymosis, and Conjunctival Hemorrhage

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(10):1021-1022. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.0134

A previously healthy 7-year-old girl presented with fever, sore throat, bilateral conjunctival hemorrhage, periorbital edema, and eyelid ecchymoses. The illness began 1 week prior with low-grade fever and back pain. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Trends in Access to Primary Care for Children in the United States, 2002-2013

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(10):1023-1025. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.0985

This study uses data from the 2002-2013 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey to describe how access to primary care has changed over the last decade for children.

Comment & Response

The Disappearance of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(10):1025-1026. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.1811

The Disappearance of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(10):1026-1027. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.1782

Intestinal Microbiota and Health of Adults Who Were Born by Cesarean Delivery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(10):1027. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2310
JAMA Pediatrics Patient Page

Preventing Adolescent Suicide

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(10):1032. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2561
JAMA Pediatrics Masthead

JAMA Pediatrics

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(10):921. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2558