In a 3-year longitudinal observational study, Danielsson and coauthors investigate whether the degree of obesity predicts the efficacy of long-term behavioral treatment and explore any interaction with age. See also the editorial by Woo Baidal and Taveras.
Bocca and colleagues conducted a randomized controlled clinical trial from October 2006 to March 2008 assessing the effects of a multidisciplinary intervention program for 3-year-old to 5-year-old overweight and obese children compared with a usual-care program. Baidal and Taveras provide an accompanying editorial.
Sagiv and coauthors investigated the association of prenatal mercury exposure and fish consumption during pregnancy with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder– related behavior in a population-based prospective birth cohort of 8-year-old children with mercury measures (n =421).
In a longitudinal survey, Shakya et al evaluate the relationship between the parenting style of an adolescent’s peers’ parents and an adolescent’s substance use.
In a retrospective, observational cohort study, Klein et al assess the safety of the quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine in females following routine administration.
Using longitudinal data, Turner et al examine the independent and cumulative effects of past-year exposure to several different types of child victimization (peer victimization, witnessing family violence, community violence, sexual assault, and maltreatment) on suicidal ideation in a nationally representative sample of adolescents.
Keren et al use information about prevalence, cost, and variation in resource utilization to prioritize comparative effectiveness research topics in hospital pediatrics.
Spicuzz et al assesses the occurrence of sleep-disordered breathing, hypoxemia, and sleep architecture in infants and children with cystic fibrosis with normal or mildly impaired lung function in stable clinical condition.
Horowitz and colleagues conducted a prospective, cross-sectional instrument-development study that evaluated 17 candidate screening questions assessing suicide risk in young patients aged 10 to 21 years. The Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire served as the criterion standard.