Goldstein wrote that bipolar disorder is one of the most severe psychiatric illnesses, particularly when onset occurs during childhood or adolescence. The past 15 years have seen substantial and rapid progress in the diagnosis, course, and treatment of this disorder in pediatric patients.
Meneses et al determined whether the use of early nasal intermittent positive-pressure ventilation (NIPPV) vs nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) decreases the need for invasive ventilation within the first 72 hours of life among preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome.
Nigrovic and coauthors investigated the rate of clinically important traumatic brain injuries in children with either severe injury mechanisms or isolated severe injury mechanisms. See the related 79 page.
Bisgaier et al found that while affiliation with academic medical centers in Cook County, Illinois, was associated with fewer discriminatory denials of children covered by Medicaid–Children's Health Insurance Program, these children had significantly longer wait times compared with privately insured children.
This national study by Slater et al found that state and school district policies mandating the amount of physical education per week and encouraging daily recess were approximately twice as likely to have these activities. However, it appeared that schools may substitute recess for physical education time rather than increasing it overall.
Perrin and colleagues examine time trends in parental reports of health professional notification of childhood overweight over the last decade and determine the characteristics most associated with such notification.
Romaire and coauthors tested associations between having a medical home and health services use and expenditures among US children with special health care needs (CSHCN).
Balaji and colleagues aimed to identify the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)–related risk behaviors associated with HIV testing among US high school students who reported ever having sexual intercourse. The secondary analysis of a cross-sectional study included 7591 US high school students who reported ever having sexual intercourse in the 2009 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey.
Nomura and coauthors examine the independent and synergistic effects of gestational diabetes mellitus and low socioeconomic status on neurodevelopment and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder outcomes.
Skoff and coauthors evaluated the impact of the adolescent Tdap (tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis vaccine) vaccination program on pertussis trends in the United States. See the related editorial.
In a serial cross-sectional analysis, Zickafoose et al determine whether hospital discharges for intussusception in children younger than 1 year have changed since the reintroduction of rotavirus vaccine in the United States.