Diamond et al review the use of lipid minimization and alternate intravenous lipid emulsions in the treatment of intestinal failure–associated liver disease.
Murray-Kolb et al examine intellectual and motor functioning of children from Nepal who received micronutrient supplementation from 12 to 35 months of age.
In a follow-up, cross-sectional study, Pongcharoen and coauthors assess the relative influence of size at birth, infant growth, and late postnatal growth on intellectual functioning at 9 years of age. In the related editorial, Cusick and Georgieff suggest that it is never too early to consider the effects of nutrients on brain development.
In a cross-sectional study, Hager et al examine accuracy of maternal perceptions of toddler body size; factors associated with accuracy of toddler body size; and how maternal satisfaction relates to accuracy/toddler body size.
To determine the association of gestational age with underweight status in infancy, Goyal and colleagues followed up a large cohort of infants from 31 primary care sites within a hospital-owned network who were born at 34 to 42 weeks’ gestation.
In a longitudinal study of infants followed from birth to age 1 year, Li and colleagues conducted multilevel analyses to estimate infant weight gain by type of milk and feeding mode. The study involved 1899 infants with at least 3 weight measurements reported during the first year.
Crume and coauthors study data from a large cohort of children to examine the effect of breastfeeding duration on childhood measures of childhood body size, abdominal fat deposition, and fat patterning.
Black et al find that the health of children benefits from the prevention of household food insecurity and caregiver depressive symptoms as well as the availability of WIC.
Taber et al determine whether nutrient intake is healthier among high school students in California, which regulates the nutrition content of competitive foods sold in high schools, than among students in states with no such standards. Dennison provides a commentary in an editorial.
Monsivais and Rehm estimate the nutritional and economic effects of substituting whole fruit for juice in the diets of children in the United States. Secondary analyses using the 2001-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and a national food prices database were performed.
Lipsky and Iannotti examine the associations of television viewing and of snacking while watching television with intake of fruit, vegetables, sweets, and soda; eating at a fast food restaurant; and breakfast skipping in a representative sample of US adolescents.