This review by Hsia and coauthors discusses the epidemiology of pediatric obesity, the indications for operative therapy in adolescent patients, the common surgical procedures used for weight loss, the reported outcomes of these procedures, and the importance of multidisciplinary management for this unique patient population.
To determine if race/ethnicity is independently associated with cranial computed tomography use, Natale and colleagues analyzed 39 717 children younger than 18 years who were seen in the emergency department within 24 hours of minor blunt head trauma, stratified by white non-Hispanic, black non-Hispanic, or Hispanic race/ethnicity and classified for clinically important traumatic brain injury.
Mansbach and coauthors evaluate whether the source of the viral infection affects hospital length of stay with bronchiolitis.
Tandon and colleagues conducted a cross-sectional study using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study–Birth Cohort to characterize daily parentsupervised outdoor play frequency and associated factors. The nationally representative US sample included 8950 preschool-aged children.
Dunton and coauthors used a longitudinal cohort study of 4550 children to determine whether participation in organized outdoor team sports and structured indoor nonschool activity programs in kindergarten and first grade predicted subsequent 4-year change in BMI during the adiposity rebound period of childhood.
In a population-based, cross-sectional study, Khoury et al determine if the interaction of waist circumference percentile and waist to height ratio with body mass index may serve to provide further risk specification in the lipid and blood pressure assessment of adolescents beyond body mass index classification.
Lichenstein et al describe the clinical presentations and outcomes of children with intraventricular hemorrhages after blunt head trauma.
The diagnosis of appendicitis can be difficult in children. Kharbanda et al sought to validate and refine a clinical prediction rule for pediatric appendicitis by identifying a population with suspected appendicitis at low but not zero risk for the condition.
Morell et al describe patterns of care for pediatric patients with advanced heart disease who experience in-hospital death.
Lanzi and coauthors examine the utility of a 3-item screening tool to detect adolescent mothers at elevated risk for nonoptimal parenting and poor child development outcomes at 2 years of age.