Using nationally representative samples of high school seniors, McCabe et al determine the prevalence of medical and nonmedical use of prescription opioids among US high school seniors and assess substance use behaviors based on medical and nonmedical use of prescription opioids. Banta-Green provides a related editorial.
To identify when youth are most likely to start using prescription pain relievers to get high or for other unapproved indications, Meier et al performed a meta-analysis of large nationally representative samples of youth in the United States who had been assessed for the 2004 through 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health.
Williams and Ribisl evaluated the ability of 8 individuals younger than 21 years to order alcoholic products through the Internet and successfully receive them via delivery services.
Lee and White assess childhood maltreatment as a risk factor for violent injuries and premature death in young adulthood and whether these associations are mediated by adolescent heavy drinking, hard drug use, hard drug selling, and violent offending.
Lubans and colleagues evaluated the impact of a 12-month multicomponent school-based obesity prevention program, Nutrition and Enjoyable Activity for Teen Girls, among 357 adolescent girls aged 12 to 14 years. Body mass index, BMI z score, body fat percentage, physical activity, screen time, dietary intake, and self-esteem were used as outcome measures.
Temple and colleagues examined the prevalence of sexting behaviors as well as their relation to dating, sex, and risky sexual behaviors using a school-based sample of 948 adolescents. Moreno provides an editorial on the subject.
In a retrospective population-based cohort study, Li et al determine whether children with asthma treated in emergency departments with evidence-based standardized protocols had lower risk of hospital admission or emergency department return visit and greater follow-up than children treated in emergency departments with no standardized protocols.
Jack et al evaluate the effectiveness of Sprinkles alongside infant and young child feeding education compared with infant and young child feeding education alone on anemia, deficiencies in iron, vitamin A, and zinc, and growth in Cambodian infants.
Using a convenience sample, Dempsey and coauthors determine the prevalence of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure among infants and young children who received preventive care at pediatric preventative care clinics associated with an urban public hospital. An editorial suggests that this study heralds a paradigm shift in addressing family tobacco use and SHS exposure for children.
In a longitudinal analysis of administrative claims data, Yoon et al describe the use of diagnostic tests in adolescents with essential hypertension. In the related editorial, Ferranti and Gillman discuss the questions raised by blood pressure guidelines and diagnostic testing.