Anhang Price et al assess the usability and safety of Strategy for Off-site Rapid Triage for Kids, a web-based decision support tool designed to translate clinical guidance developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to help parents and adult caregivers determine if a child with influenza-like illness requires immediate care in an emergency department.
To determine the accuracy of ultrasonography for the diagnosis of pneumonia in youth, Shah et al studied 200 patients at 2 emergency departments who were undergoing chest radiography for suspected pneumonia. After documenting clinical findings, clinicians with 1 hour of focused training used ultrasonography to diagnose pneumonia. See the editorial by Darge and Chen.
To determine the current rate of inpatient bariatric surgical procedures among adolescents and to analyze national trends of use from 2000 to 2009, Kelleher and colleagues performed a retrospective cross-sectional study of discharge data obtained from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Kids’ Inpatient Database.
Bylund Grenklo and coauthors investigate the risk of self-injury in parentally cancer-bereaved youth compared with their nonbereaved peers.
Using a cross-sectional survey, Merikangas et al evaluate the prevalence, demographic and clinical correlates, and specificity of classes of psychotropic medications indicated for mental disorders.
In a prospective cohort study, Sonneville et al investigate the association between overeating (without loss of control) and binge eating (overeating with loss of control) and adverse outcomes.
No reliable tool predicts postconcussion syndrome (PCS) at the time of brain injury. Babcock et al measured the incidence of PCS in pediatric patients treated in the emergency department to identify predictors of the syndrome.
Hilt and colleagues conducted record reviews, provider surveys, and a Medicaid database analysis to evaluate the Washington State Partnership Access Line program, a telephone-based child mental health consult service for primary care providers.
Berry and coworkers conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of 28 US children’s hospitals to compare inpatient resource use trends for healthy children and children with chronic health conditions of varying degrees of medical complexity, measuring the number of patients, hospitalizations, hospital days, and charges. See the editorial by McMillan and the other editorial by Fieldston and Altschuler.
Levy and coauthors examine whether a brief intervention for children with functional abdominal pain and their parents resulted in improved coping 12 months later.