El-Chammas and colleagues assessed the effectiveness of prophylactic headache treatment in children and adolescents. See also the editorial by Arruda.
Chiolero and coauthors critically appraise the evidence and recommendations regarding the screening for elevated blood pressure in children and adolescents. See the editorial by Daniels and Gidding.
In a cross-sectional study, Fakhouri and coauthors describe the percentage of elementary school–aged children in the United States who met physical activity and screen-time recommendations and examine demographic differences.
In a cross-sectional study, Maguire et al determine the effect of modifiable dietary intake variables (current vitamin D supplementation and daily cow’s milk intake) on 25-hydroxyvitamin D level in early childhood and evaluate the relationship between these modifiable dietary factors and other largely nonmodifiable determinants of vitamin D status including skin pigmentation and season.
Campbell and colleagues conducted a retrospective cohort study of 320 children with caregiver-reported intimate partner violence (IPV) included in the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being to describe longitudinal change in child behavior problems associated with IPV resolution after an investigation for suspected child maltreatment. Asnes and Leventhal provide a related editorial.
Sun et al investigate potential reasons or factors that may contribute to the failure or success of pediatric trials of abortive drugs for treatment of migraine submitted in response to a US Food and Drug Administration–issued Written Request. See also an editorial by Arruda.
Glanz et al evaluated the trends in undervaccination in a population of 323 247 children aged 2 to 24 months and compared health care utilization rates between the undervaccinated and age-appropriately vaccinated children. See also the editorial by Opel and Marcuse.
Getahun and coauthors examine trends in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder by race/ethnicity, age, sex, and median household income.
Boyer and coworkers conducted a cross-sectional study to examine the use of female friendship networks to engage at-risk African American and Hispanic/Latina young women in HIV screening and to determine factors that influenced the recruitment or the screening of the members.