Sammons et al discuss recent updates in the incidence and epidemiology of Clostridium difficile infection among children, including risk factors for infection, as well as review current knowledge in the areas of diagnosis and management of C difficile among children.
Hieftje et al assessed the type and quality of studies evaluating the effects of electronic media–based interventions on health and safety behavior changes.
Taber et al determine if state laws with stricter school meal nutrition standards are inversely associated with adolescent weight status, while controlling for unmeasured state-level confounders. See the related editorial by Nestle.
In the National Institutes of Health–funded Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study’s Adolescent Master Protocol, Lipshultz and coauthors used linear regression models to compare echocardiographic measures to determine the cardiac effects of prolonged exposure to highly active antiretroviral therapy on children infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Cheng et al evaluated the use of scripted vs nonscripted debriefing by novice instructors in high-realism vs low-realism scenarios of pediatric simulated cardiopulmonary arrest. See also the editorial by Edelson and LaFond.
Rosenberg et al describe the prevalence and factors of psychological distress among parents of children with advanced cancer.
Reviewing the literature from 1950 through 2000, Brosco et al explored the impact of medical interventions in early childhood on the prevalence of later intellectual disability.
In a prospective longitudinal study, Berlin and coauthors evaluate pregnant women’s hostile attributions about infants as a risk factor for early child maltreatment and harsh parenting. See the editorial by Milner and Crouch.
A cross-sectional, questionnaire distributed to 91 642 children aged 0 to 17 years enrolled in the 2007-2008 National Survey of Children's Health was used by Silverberg et al to study the association between US birthplace and prevalence of childhood allergic disease and to determine the effects of prolonged US residence.
Hoberman and colleagues conducted a cross-sectional survey to determine the factors associated with parental consent for their child’s participation in a randomized, placebo-controlled trial, the Randomized Intervention for Children with VesicoUreteral Reflux Study.