Beyerlein et al examine whether early, short-term, or cumulative exposures to episodes of infection and fever during the first 3 years of life were associated with the initiation of persistent islet autoimmunity in children at increased risk for type 1 diabetes mellitus.
Frederiksen and colleagues examined the associations between perinatal and infant exposures, especially early infant diet, and the development of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).
In a cluster randomized controlled trial, Fottrell and coauthors assess the effect of a participatory women’s group intervention with higher population coverage on neonatal mortality in Bangladesh.
Hartling and colleagues compared music with standard care to manage pain and distress in 42 children aged 3 to 11 years undergoing intravenous placement in a pediatric emergency department.
To examine relationships of breastfeeding duration and exclusivity with child cognition at ages 3 and 7 years and to evaluate the extent to which maternal fish intake during lactation modifies associations of infant feeding with later cognition, Belfort et al followed up 312 Project Viva mothers and children to age 7 years. See the Editorial by Christakis.
Garbutt et al describe the rationale and experiences of families with a pediatrician who also use retail clinics for pediatric care.
Williams et al validate administrative billing data for hospitalizations owing to childhood community-acquired pneumonia.
Antimicrobial stewardship (AS) can prevent emergence of antibiotic resistance while improving patient outcomes and safety. Hyun et al review the literature for strategies to implement AS programs and identify barriers and challenges.