Perrin and colleagues conducted a randomized clinical trial to investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of parent training groups delivered to parents of toddlers in pediatric primary care settings. Martin T. Stein, MD, provided a related Article .
Bonafide et al evaluate the impact of pediatric rapid response system implementation inclusive of a medical emergency team and an early warning score on critical deterioration, a proximate outcome defined as unplanned transfer to the intensive care unit with noninvasive or invasive mechanical ventilation or vasopressor infusion in the 12 hours after transfer. Alobaidi and Joffe provide commentary in a related editorial.
Field et al investigate whether males with psychiatric symptoms related to eating and concern with physique are more likely to become obese, to start using drugs, to consume alcohol frequently, or to develop high levels of depressive symptoms.
Feinberg et al investigate whether a brief cognitive behavioral intervention decreases parenting stress and maternal depressive symptoms during the period immediately following a child’s diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder.
Inge and colleagues conducted a prospective, multisite observational study to assess the preoperative clinical characteristics and perioperative safety outcomes of severely obese adolescents undergoing weight-loss surgery. Michael G. Sarr, MD, provided a related Article .
Feskanich et al determine whether milk consumption during teenage years influences risk of hip fracture in older adults and investigate the role of attained height in this association. Weaver provides commentary in a related editorial.
Ferguson and colleagues’ nested case-control study aimed to assess the relationship between phthalate exposure during pregnancy and preterm birth. Shanna H. Swan, PhD, provided a related Article .
Marom et al study the trend in otitis media–related health care use in the United States in 7.82 million unique children (5.51 million child-years) during the pneumococcal conjugated vaccine era (2001-2011).
Holman and colleagues systematically review the literature on barriers to human papillomavirus vaccination among US adolescents.
In a literature review, Rosen discusses the latest controversies in the diagnosis and treatment of gastroesophageal reflux in infants.