Olds et al examine the effects of prenatal and infancy/toddler home visits by paraprofessionals and by nurses on child development at child ages 6 and 9 years. Shonkoff provides commentary in a related editorial.
Hawkins et al test whether the Communities That Care prevention system reduced levels of risk and adolescent problem behaviors community-wide 8 years after implementation of Communities That Care.
Laughon et al quantify progress made in neonatal studies and neonatal information in product labeling as a result of recent legislation. See related editorial by Stiers and Ward.
Pappas et al for the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network compare the neonatal and neurodevelopmental outcomes of 3 groups of extremely low-gestational-age infants with increasing exposure to perinatal inflammation.
Papania and coauthors review the evidence for sustained elimination of endemic measles, rubella, and congenital rubella syndrome from the United States through 2011. See the editorial by Grabowsky.
Frazier et al examine the association between peripregnancy consumption of peanuts or tree nuts by mothers and the risk of peanut or tree nut allergy in their offspring. Gupta provides commentary in a related editorial.
Alexander et al examine predictors of time spent discussing sexuality, level of adolescent participation, and physician and patient characteristics associated with sexuality discussions during health maintenance visits by early and middle adolescents. Boekeloo provides commentary in a related editorial.
Theunissen et al investigate the level of psychopathological symptoms in hearing-impaired children and adolescents as compared with normally hearing peers and the influence of type of hearing device and possible risk and protective factors on psychopathology.
McDonagh and colleagues evaluated the effectiveness and safety of metformin for treating obesity in children aged 18 years or younger without a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus.