Dutra and Glantz examine electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use and conventional cigarette smoking. Chaloupka provides commentary in a related editorial.
Whitehill et al describe the prevalence, sex differences, and risk factors associated with underage college students’ driving after using marijuana, driving after drinking alcohol, or riding with a driver using these substances. See also the editorial by Asbridge.
Bcheraoui et al study the incidence rate of male circumcision–associated adverse events (AEs) and assess whether AE rates differed by age at circumcision. Among 41 possible AEs, they estimated a likely risk window for the incidence calculation for each male circumcision AE based on pathogenesis using 2001 to 2010 data from SDI Health.
Tapiainen and colleagues aimed to determine whether the antimicrobial treatment of acute otitis media (AOM) reduces the duration of middle ear effusion.
Wang et al conduct a case study of the Massachusetts Essential School Health program to demonstrate the cost-benefit of school health services delivered by full-time registered nurses. See also the editorial by Taras.
Fung et al examine the effects of cost sharing and income level on adherence to medication regimens, visits to a physician’s office or an emergency department, and financial stress among children with asthma. See also the editorial by Carroll.
Wu et al compare the effect of nebulized 3% hypertonic saline vs 0.9% normal saline on admission rate and length of stay in infants with bronchiolitis. See also the editorial by Grewal and Klassen.
Florin et al evaluate the effect of nebulized 3% hypertonic saline compared with normal saline on respiratory distress in infants with bronchiolitis not responding to standard treatments in the emergency department. See also the editorial by Grewal and Klassen.
Pollack et al investigate the relationships between the Functional Status Scale (FSS) and the Pediatric Overall Performance Category and Pediatric Cerebral Performance Category (POPC/PCPC) scales for large-sample studies.