Olds et al determine the effect of prenatal and infant/toddler nurse home visiting on maternal and child mortality during a 2-decade period.
van der Baan-Slootweg et al determine whether an inpatient treatment program is more effective than an ambulatory program at achieving a sustained weight loss in children and adolescents with severe obesity. Also see the editorial comment by Inge et al.
Carroll and coauthors examine whether a computerized clinical decision support system improves standardized developmental surveillance and screening.
Levy and coauthors describe an electronic screen and brief assessment tool that triages adolescents regarding their experience with nontobacco substance use.
In a retrospective cohort study, Leyenaar et al describe rates and patterns of direct admission in a large sample of US hospitals and compare resource utilization and outcomes between children with pneumonia admitted directly to a hospital and those admitted from an emergency department.
Lee and colleagues aimed to determine the risk for clinically important traumatic brain injuries in children with isolated loss of consciousness.
Biondi and colleagues aimed to determine the time to positivity of blood culture results in febrile infants admitted to a general inpatient unit.
Gulati et al estimate the effect of birth weight and gestational age on the likelihood of premature infants developing strabismus.
Janvier and Lantos offer practical recommendations that will assist health care professionals in helping parents who have a child in the neonatal intensive care unit.