[Skip to Content]
Sign In
Individual Sign In
Create an Account
Institutional Sign In
OpenAthens Shibboleth
[Skip to Content Landing]

May 2017 - January 1911




December 2016, Vol 170, No. 12, Pages 1127-1236

In This Issue of JAMA Pediatrics


Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):1127. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2571

The Future of High-Quality Care Depends on Better Assessment of Physician Performance

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):1131-1132. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2715

This Viewpoint discusses the inadequacy of current physician performance assessment and suggests a framework to improve assessment.

Uniting Big Health Data for a National Learning Health System in the United States

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):1133-1134. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2719

This Viewpoint discusses the potential to create a national health data system with detailed patient- and hospital-level data sets that could help identify gaps in care; scientifically test regional, state, and federal policies in an iterative manner; and improve health care and outcomes nationwide.

On My Mind

Thank You

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):1135. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.1546

Announcing the New JAMAPediatrics.com

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):1136-1137. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3592

In Support of Breastfeeding Support in Primary Care

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):1138-1139. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3390

Early Education Programs for Low-Income ChildrenThe Time for Dissemination Has Come

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):1139-1140. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2829

Clarifying the Role of Corticosteroids in Kawasaki Disease

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):1140-1142. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2307

Congenital Cytomegalovirus InfectionThe Elephant in Our Living Room

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):1142-1144. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2892

Antibiotic Use and Mortality Among Premature Infants Without Confirmed Infection—Perpetrator or Innocent Bystander?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):1144-1146. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2836

Problems Associated With Use of Mobile Devices in the Sleep Environment—Streaming Instead of Dreaming

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):1146-1147. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2986

Health-Related Quality of Life After ConcussionHow Can We Improve Management of Care?

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):e162985. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2985
Original Investigation

Effects of ParentCorps in Prekindergarten on Child Mental Health and Academic PerformanceFollow-up of a Randomized Clinical Trial Through 8 Years of Age

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):1149-1155. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.1891

This follow-up of a randomized clinical trial examines whether the ParentCorps intervention delivered in prekindergarten in high-poverty, urban schools leads to fewer mental health problems and increased academic performance in the early elementary school years.

Journal Club

Coronary Artery Complication in Kawasaki Disease and the Importance of Early Intervention A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):1156-1163. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2055

This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates the effect of corticosteroid therapy in Kawasaki disease.

Association of Neurodevelopmental Outcomes and Neonatal Morbidities of Extremely Premature Infants With Differential Exposure to Antenatal Steroids

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):1164-1172. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.1936

This observational cohort study compares rates of neonatal morbidities and 18- to 22-month neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely premature infants exposed to partial or complete courses of antenatal steroids vs those exposed to no antenatal steroids.

Cost-effectiveness of Universal and Targeted Newborn Screening for Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):1173-1180. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2016

This cost-effectiveness analysis estimates the cost-effectiveness of universal and targeted newborn congenital cytomegalovirus screening programs vs no screening among infants in US postpartum care and early hearing programs.

Association Between Antibiotic Use and Neonatal Mortality and Morbidities in Very Low-Birth-Weight Infants Without Culture-Proven Sepsis or Necrotizing Enterocolitis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):1181-1187. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2132

This cohort study evaluates the trend of antibiotic use in very low-birth-weight infants across Canada and the association between antibiotic use rates and mortality and morbidity among neonates without culture-proven sepsis or necrotizing enterocolitis.

Evaluation of Variability in Inhaled Nitric Oxide Use and Pulmonary Hypertension in Patients With Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):1188-1194. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2023

This population-based study uses data from the Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Study Group registry to assess the association of inhaled nitric oxide with pulmonary hypertension and mortality in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

National Trends in Hospitalizations for Opioid Poisonings Among Children and Adolescents, 1997 to 2012

Abstract Full Text
has multimedia
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):1195-1201. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2154

This analysis of the Kids’ Inpatient Database, a US national hospital discharge database, assesses changes in the incidence and characteristics of hospitalizations attributed to opioid poisoning in children and adolescents.

Association Between Portable Screen-Based Media Device Access or Use and Sleep OutcomesA Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):1202-1208. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2341

This systematic review and meta-analysis examines whether there is an association between use of cell phones and tablet devices in the sleep environment and sleep outcomes in children and adolescents.

Association of Stimulant Medication Use With Bone Mass in Children and Adolescents With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):e162804. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2804

This cross-sectional analysis uses NHANES data to investigate the association of stimulant use with bone mass in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

Association of Persistent Postconcussion Symptoms With Pediatric Quality of Life

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):e162900. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2900

This multicenter cohort study examines the association between health-related quality of life and persistent postconcussion symptoms at 4 weeks after concussion and the degree of impairment of health-related quality of life in the subsequent 12 weeks.


Measles and Measles VaccinationA Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):1209-1215. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.1787

This review provides an overview of measles, including information on virus basics, clinical picture and diagnosis, complications, vaccine efficacy, and vaccine complications.

Ethics, Emotions, and the Skills of Talking About Progressing Disease With Terminally Ill AdolescentsA Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):1216-1223. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2142

This review discusses how clinicians should navigate end-of-life conversations with adolescent patients when there is resistance to do so from parents.

JAMA Pediatrics Clinical Challenge

Clustered Papulovesicles in a Fully Vaccinated Child

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):1225-1226. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.0441

An 18-month-old boy had a rash on the left lower extremity. He was fully vaccinated, with routine vaccines at 12 months of age administered in the left thigh, and the influenza vaccine was administered 1 week prior to presentation in the left buttock, after which his parents noted a red patch near the site of vaccination. What is your diagnosis?

Comment & Response

Modeling the Effects of Priming With the Whole-Cell Bordetella Pertussis Vaccine

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):1228-1229. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2603

Notice of Duplicate Publication: Heated, Humidified High-Flow Nasal Cannula vs Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure for Respiratory Distress Syndrome of Prematurity: A Randomized Clinical Noninferiority Trial (JAMA Pediatr. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.1243)

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):1228. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3743

Modeling the Effects of Priming With the Whole-Cell Bordetella Pertussis Vaccine—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):1229. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.2819

Errors in Discussion Section, Conclusion, and Figure Legend

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):1230. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.3457
JAMA Pediatrics Patient Page

Media Use and Sleep

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):1236. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2575
JAMA Pediatrics Masthead

JAMA Pediatrics

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(12):1129. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2572