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January 2017 - January 1911

Decade

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Issue

February 1, 2016, Vol 170, No. 2, Pages 99-184

In This Issue of JAMA Pediatrics

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(2):99. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2501
Viewpoint

Balancing Service and Education in Residency TrainingA Logical Fallacy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(2):101-102. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3816

This Viewpoint discusses strategies for optimizing education in the context of service in residency training.

Toward Individualization in Medical Education

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(2):103-104. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3819

This Viewpoint discussed the need for translating instruction to students as individuals to the treatment of patients as individuals.

Identifying Opportunities for Alignment in Pediatric Residency Training

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(2):105-106. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3822

This Viewpoint discusses ways in which to combine and align various dimensions of pediatric residents’ training experiences.

Sepsis and the Global Burden of Disease in Children

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(2):107-108. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3241

This Viewpoint discusses the impact of sepsis on childhood mortality worldwide.

Rethinking Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(2):109-110. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3372

This Viewpoint discusses factors that contribute to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder diagnoses.

Editorial

Assessing Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Children After Antidepressant Use During Pregnancy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(2):111-112. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3493

Keeping Children’s AttentionThe Problem With Bells and Whistles

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(2):112-113. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3877

Breaking New Ground in Health Services ResearchEffect of Attribution Length in a Pediatric Medicaid Accountable Care Organization

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(2):114-115. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3830
Original Investigation

Antidepressant Use During Pregnancy and the Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Children

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(2):117-124. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3356

This population-based study examines the association between maternal use of antidepressants, specifically selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, during the second and/or third trimester and the risk of autism spectrum disorder in children.

Sexual Risk Behavior Among Virologically Detectable Human Immunodeficiency Virus–Infected Young Men Who Have Sex With Men

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(2):125-131. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3333

This cross-sectional study uses survey data to describe differences between virologically suppressed and virologically detectable HIV-infected young men who have sex with men and to identify correlates of condomless anal intercourse.

Association of the Type of Toy Used During Play With the Quantity and Quality of Parent-Infant Communication

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(2):132-137. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3753

This controlled experiment investigates whether the type of toy used during play is associated with the parent-infant communicative interaction.

Interventions by Health Care Professionals Who Provide Routine Child Health Care to Reduce Tobacco Smoke Exposure in ChildrenA Review and Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(2):138-147. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3342

This review and meta-analysis determines the effectiveness of interventions delivered by health care professionals who provide routine child health care in reducing tobacco smoke exposure in children.

Effect of Attribution Length on the Use and Cost of Health Care for a Pediatric Medicaid Accountable Care Organization

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(2):148-154. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3446

This study of Medicaid claims data examines the consistency of primary care within an accountable care organization that enrolled a pediatric Medicaid population.

Promoting Physical Activity With the Out of School Nutrition and Physical Activity (OSNAP) InitiativeA Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(2):155-162. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3406

This cluster-randomized controlled trial with matched program pairs tested the effectiveness of the Out of School Nutrition and Physical Activity (OSNAP) Initiative in increasing children’s physical activity levels in existing after-school programs.

Polygenic Risk, Appetite Traits, and Weight Gain in Middle ChildhoodA Longitudinal Study

Abstract Full Text
free access online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(2):e154472. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4472

This longitudinal study tested whether genetic risk for obesity is associated with accelerated weight gain in middle childhood (ages 4-8 years) and whether genetic association with accelerated weight gain is mediated by appetite traits.

Children Exposed to Abuse in Youth-Serving OrganizationsResults From National Sample Surveys

Abstract Full Text
free access online only
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(2):e154493. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4493

This analysis provides current estimates of children’s exposure to abuse in youth-serving organizations.

Review

Endocrine Effects of Inhaled Corticosteroids in Children

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(2):163-170. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3526

This Review describes the endocrine effects of inhaled corticosteroids in children and the properties of the various formulations as they relate to these adverse outcomes.

JAMA Pediatrics Clinical Challenge

Three-Day-Old Boy With Palmar Pustules

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(2):171-172. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.1996

A 3-day-old full-term male infant was seen for possible systemic infection in the setting of newly noted numerous right palmar pustules and pustules scattered on his face, trunk, diaper area, and extremities. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

The Nutritional and Social Environment-Related Effects of Breastfeeding on Intelligence

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(2):173-174. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3201

This study discusses the debate on the existence of nutritional effects of the duration of breastfeeding on intelligence.

Outcomes of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Immunoprophylaxis in Infants Using an Abbreviated Dosing Regimen of Palivizumab

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(2):174-176. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3235

This study details the experience of using an abbreviated palivizumab dosing schedule in infants at higher risk for respiratory syncytial virus hospitalization.

Hospitalizations of Low-Income Children and Children With Severe Health ConditionsImplications of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(2):176-178. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3366

Specific provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act may pose a disproportionate risk to children’s hospitals because they carry the greatest burden of care costs of any type of hospital.

Comment & Response

Association Between Child Poverty and Academic Achievement

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(2):178-179. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3853

Association Between Child Poverty and Academic Achievement

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(2):179-180. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3856

Association Between Child Poverty and Academic Achivement—In Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(2):180. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3859
JAMA Pediatrics Patient Page

Supporting Child Play

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(2):184. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2505
JAMA Pediatrics Masthead

JAMA Pediatrics

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(2):100. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.2502
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