THE PHRASE "graduate medical education" (GME) can sound like a bureaucratic term for a function remote from the interest of the average citizen. Yet GME is intimately linked to the quality of medical care, the caliber of physicians available to the American people, and the vitality of those institutions (teaching hospitals and medical schools) that conduct much of the nation's biomedical, behavioral, and health services training and research.
Graduate medical education is carried out predominantly by teaching hospitals and medical schools. These centers provide about 50% of the care given to the nation's underserved population. Because of the high quality of US medical care, the superb nature of the medical school education programs in the United States, and the social and economic rewards of medicine, outstanding students enter the long and demanding path to become physicians.
Pardes H. The Institute of Medicine Report on Graduate Medical Education. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1998;55(4):307-308. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.55.4.307