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Art and Images in Psychiatry
November 2009

Cattleya Orchid and Three Brazilian Hummingbirds

Author Affiliations


Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2009;66(11):1159-1161. doi:10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2009.161

—Darwin, On the Origin of Species1(p490)

—Darwin, memorial for Annie2(p359)

This year we commemorate the 200th anniversary of the birth of Charles Darwin (1809-1882). His foundational On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favored Races in the Struggle for Lifewas published in London, England, on Thursday, November 24, 1859; the first edition of 1250 copies sold out within 24 hours. A second edition of 3000 copies with corrections appeared soon afterward on January 7, 1860. There were 6 editions, each with alterations and corrections. The phrase “survival of the fittest” first appeared in the fifth edition in 1869. The sixth and final edition, issued in 1872, is titled The Origin of Species. During Darwin's lifetime, translations appeared in 11 languages.3

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