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Alcohol is a major environmental hazard, with negative effects on many organs, including the brain, liver, pancreas, and heart.1 It is a leading cause of mortality in industrialized countries.2 Whether the mortality effects of alcohol are due to genetic or environmental effects or a combination of both is poorly understood.
Heinz A, Beck A, Rapp MA. Alcohol as an Environmental Mortality Hazard. JAMA Psychiatry. 2016;73(6):549-550. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2016.0399