Through thousands of empirical studies, it has become clear that psychotherapy methods can be helpful across a broad spectrum of psychiatric disorders, including major depressive disorder (MDD).1 According to the most recent meta-analysis,2 there are now more than 50 published outcome studies of short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy (STPP) for depressive disorders, reporting on average large and sustained gains. This meta-analysis found no outcome differences between STPP and other bona fide therapy models such as the collection of interventions under the rubric of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Despite these findings, there continue to be proponents arguing that models under the CBT rubric are superior to STPP methods. Thus, researchers have set out to attempt to definitively answer the question of whether there are any outcome differences.
Abbass AA, Town JM. Bona Fide Psychotherapy Models Are Equally Effective for Major Depressive DisorderFuture Research Directions. JAMA Psychiatry. 2016;73(9):893-894. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2016.1916