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Art and Images in Psychiatry
February 2004

The Sun

Author Affiliations


Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2004;61(2):116. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.61.2.116

In the autumn of 1908, Edvard Munch (1863-1944) admitted himself toa private psychiatric clinic in Copenhagen, Denmark. His mental breakdownwas the culmination of his negative treatment by the Norwegian press, feelingsof guilt about his relationship with his family, the turbulence of his emotionallife, his sense of betrayal by his friends, and chronic insomnia.1 He felt persecuted and had increasingly abused alcohol,waking with numbness in his hands and feet and writing to a friend that hedrank like a man possessed. His involvement in brawls and fights had beenin the newspapers. In Hamburg, Germany, he had assaulted several strangersin a hotel.

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