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Article
May 1961

Learning and Recall Under Hypnosis and in the Wake StateA Comparison

Author Affiliations

CUTTACK, INDIA

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1961;4(5):517-521. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1961.01710110087012
Abstract

Memory changes under hypnosis have probably initiated the largest number of experiments than any other field of hypnosis. But mostly recall rather than learning under hypnosis has engaged the attention of investigators. The superiority of recall under hypnosis in comparison to waking recall has been a matter of controversy.4,12 So also controversial evidence exists concerning the superiority of learning under hypnosis. It has been claimed that hypnotic learning is better retained than waking learning. But there are some studies which arrive at just the opposite conclusion.8 The present study takes into account both learning and recall during hypnosis and is aimed at comparing these scores with the corresponding scores in the wake state.

Studies on hypnosis and memory do not come to agreed conclusions but not without sufficient grounds for variance. The variance can be caused by several factors, some of the

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