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March 1962

Contradictory Parental Expectations in SchizophreniaDependence and Responsibility

Author Affiliations

Present position: Supervising Sociologist, Manteno State Hospital, State of Illinois Department of Mental Health, Manteno, Illinois. Formerly Assistant Professor of Sociology, University of Utah; also, Research Associate, Family Study Center, University of Chicago.

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1962;6(3):219-234. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1962.01710210035005

This paper reports some preliminary findings of one aspect of a research on schizophrenic patients and their families. Previous investigations such as the works of Lidz,12-16 Hill,6 Wynne,21 Bowen,2,3 Bateson,1 and Jackson8 have indicated that parental pathology or pathological patterns of interpersonal relationships in the family are of etiological significance to the development of schizophrenia. Most of these studies have concentrated on the patients' families. In comparing parental or parent-child relations in the schizophrenics' families with those in the nonschizophrenics' families, other investigators use "normals" or "psychoneurotics" as controls. The pieces of research by Kohn,10 Clausen,4 and Myers and Roberts18 are examples of this type. These latter researches have shown the prevalence of certain patterns of parental authority structure in the schizophrenics' families which are different from those in the nonschizophrenic families, at least

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