[Skip to Content]
[Skip to Content Landing]
March 1963

Schizophrenia: Conditional Reflex Studies.

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1963;8(3):308-309. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1963.01720090096013

This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.


Christian Astrup, a prominent Norwegian psychiatrist trained at two of the Pavlovian institutes in Russia and also in the Sherringtonian school at Maudsley, here combines these orientations in a comprehensive and scholarly review of the neuroreflexologic approaches to mental disorders.

After a theoretical introduction, Astrup devotes Chapter 2 to a description of experimental methodologies that discern measurable neurophysiologic parameters of normal or deviant behavior in animal and human subjects. Chapter 3 offers a brief and necessarily incomplete survey of drug effects, and Chapter 4 explores the parallelisms of human and animal experimental neuroses. In these discussions Astrup employs terms such as "neurasthenia" and "anancasia," long ago retired for infirmity in American psychiatry; nevertheless, he correlates such syndromes with equally questionable Galenic-Pavlovian "somatopsychic constitutional" types. In Chapter 5, Astrup reaches the somewhat circular inference that "disturbances of subcortical activity and dissociative phenomena are important pathophysiologic factors in

First Page Preview View Large
First page PDF preview
First page PDF preview