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June 1963

Human Relations Training for Psychiatric Patients

Author Affiliations

Veterans Administration Hospital and Baylor University College of Medicine (Dr. Rothaus).
Formerly VA Hospital, Houston, now Aerojet-General Corporation, Sacramento, Calif (Dr. Morton).

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1963;8(6):572-581. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1963.01720120046007

The Patients' Training Laboratory represents a new approach with psychiatric populations. In May, 1961, Robert Morton developed and introduced the first laboratory for open-ward psychiatric patients at the Houston Veterans Administration Hospital. This laboratory was adapted most directly from the instrumented Human Relations Training Laboratory (HRTL) created by Robert Blake and Jane Mouton.1 Their work, in turn, originated in the methods of the National Training Laboratory,2 best known for its sessions at Bethel, Maine, and from research in group dynamics.3-5

Perhaps, because of its study of individuals in nonpsychiatric groups, the vast research dealing with group dynamics has been of limited interest to the professions involved in helping people with problems. Some social science research has been applied to group psychotherapy. Most of the research dealing with the processes of behavioral change and the social conditions necessary for initiating and maintaining change has

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