February 1964

Age of Menarche and Adult Personality

Author Affiliations

Senior Research Psychologist, Institute for Psychosomatic and Psychiatric Research and Training, Michael Reese Hospital.
The data collection was done in collaboration with the Family Health Survey, a large research project directed by Drs. T. S. Danowski and C. Moses, Jr. and supported by the Hartford Foundation. At that time, Dr. Shipman was on the faculty of the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1964;10(2):155-159. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1964.01720200051008

Introduction  There is considerable evidence that adolescents who mature very early or very late have more emotional difficulties than the other children their age.8,11,17 School and social adjustment is impaired.1 Social status can be markedly affected. Whereas the early developing boy easily becomes a self-assured leader with his peers,8,10 the early developing girl is at a decided disadvantage.17 She becomes physically conspicuous among her classmates at a time when teenagers are most sensitive and easily disturbed at being different from their associates. She is often not accepted by her own age group while not mature enough to maintain acceptance in an older group. She finds boys of her own age, immature and uninteresting; while in turn, they are wary of her. Too much may be expected of her intellectually and emotionally because of her more mature appearance. She has problems

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