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October 1964

Selection and Treatment of Psychiatric OutpatientsDetermined by Their Personal and Social Characteristics

Author Affiliations

Assistant Professor of Medical Sociology (Dr. Brown) and Instructor of Psychiatric Social Work in the Department of Psychiatry (Mrs. Kosterlitz), University of Oregon Medical School.

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1964;11(4):425-438. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1964.01720280071010

Answers to the questions of how selection policies and therapeutic practices of psychiatric clinics are related to the personal and social characteristics of patients have long been of interest to psychiatrists, psychologists, hospital administrators, social workers, and ancillary medical personnel. Numerous authors5,8,27,37,41 have published data on limited aspects of these matters, usually relating a single variable, such as social class, to the selection of outpatients for psychotherapy, or to the duration of their treatment. Probably the most comprehensive studies in this general field have been those of Rosenthal and Frank34 and of Jones and Speck19 who have considered the bearing of several factors such as sex, age, education, referral source, income, and diagnosis upon psychotherapeutic outcomes.

The purpose of the present study is to add to the descriptive data in this area, and more specifically to provide preliminary answers to the following

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