January 1966

Existential Psychology—From Analysis to Synthesis.

Author Affiliations

By Igor A. Caruso. Price, $5.50, with 18 illustrations. Herder and Herder, Inc., Great Britain, 1964.

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1966;14(1):109-110. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1966.01730070111018

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This book was written in German in 1951 and translated into English in 1964. It represents the most comprehensive and intelligible statement of the views of the Vienna Circle Psychotherapy, an influential group in Austrian psychiatry since the end of World War II.

The author is well-versed in theology, philosophy, and freudian psychoanalysis, enabling him to produce what may be the most important attempt to establish an amalgamation between religion and psychotherapy. In this country, Mowrer and Zilboorg have been less successful in this regard.

Man's essence is characterized by one aspect requiring analysis and another aspect demanding synthesis. "Personalist existential synthesis as we understand it, is the fruit of analysis." The less important side of man that must be confronted first consists of conditioned, "unfree" biological psychic structures. "In order to remove the determinate regression as far as this is possible, it is necessary to penetrate to the

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