August 1966

Special Service Project

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, University of Cincinnati (Dr. MacLeod), and the National Institute of Mental Health, Mental Health Study Center, Adelphi, Md (Dr. Tinnin).

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1966;15(2):190-197. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1966.01730140078013

THE NATIONWIDE community mental health studies are producing a chorus of recommendations that better emergency care and earlier treatment be provided the psychiatrically ill. Psychiatric centers are challenged to offer more comprehensive treatment programs ranging from brief emergency care to intensive long-term psychotherapy.1-5 Many centers find the provision of predictably available professional time for emergency work a challenge not easily met. There is a need for new designs.

This paper presents one design for an early access, brief treatment program for acutely and severely disturbed psychiatric outpatients. An analysis of the first 150 patients cared for in the program is reported together with observations on treatment approaches, supervision, and responses of the professionals working in the project.

Background  Background for the development of the Special Service Project included a growing concern about several aspects of current psychiatric practice.1. Difficulties are often met

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