September 1966

Objective Measures of Depression

Author Affiliations

From the Psychiatric Treatment Research Center, State University of New York, Brooklyn, NY.

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1966;15(3):249-255. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1966.01730150025004

THE PRESENT study represents an attempt to develop a reliable and valid objective measure of the state of depression. Additional purposes of the study were to gather preliminary normative data on several test measures of depression for clinicians' use and to explore the possibility of developing relatively complex nonlinear methods of evaluating depression.

There have been several approaches to the problems involved in operationally defining depression. In order to more clearly delineate the "components" of clinically defined depression, several factor-analytic studies of clinical ratings of depressed patients have been carried out.1-5 In addition, depression has been related to performance on a variety of psychological tests including the Rorschach,6-14 the Apparent Horizon Test (AHT),15-17 the Reversible Perspective Test (RPT),18,19 the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI),20-25 the Figure-Drawing,26 and several inventories and checklists.27-29

While there have been a relatively

First Page Preview View Large
First page PDF preview
First page PDF preview