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Article
July 1967

Sleep Paralysis and Hypnagogic HallucinationsTheir Relationship to the Nightmare

Author Affiliations

Pittsburgh
From the Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh.

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1967;17(1):88-96. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1967.01730250090013
Abstract

Imagination cannot conceive the horrors it [The Nightmare] frequently gives rise to, or language describe them in adequate terms . . . Everything horrible, disgusting or terrifying in the physical or moral world is brought before him in fearful array; he is hissed at by serpents, tortured by demons, stunned by the hollow voices and cold touch of apparitions . . . . At one moment he may have the consciousness of a malignant demon being at his side; then to shun the sight of so appalling an object, he will close his eyes, but still the fearful being makes its presence known; for its icy breath is felt diffusing itself over his visage, and he knows that he is face to face with a fiend. Then, if he looks up, he beholds horrid eyes glaring upon him, and an aspect of hell grinning at him with even more hellish malice. Or, he may have

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