June 1968

Hospital Return Rates and Prerelease Referrals

Author Affiliations

Chicago; Richmond, Va; Chicago
From the Department of Psychology, De Paul University, Chicago, (Dr. Zolik and Mr. Sommers), and the Department of Mental Hygiene and Hospitals of the State of Virginia (Miss Lantz).

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1968;18(6):712-717. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1968.01740060072009

DURING the past several years increasing emphasis has been placed on returning patients to their community as soon as their psychiatric condition makes this possible. As a consequence, community agencies have been encouraged to develop after-care and other programs in order to provide the services needed by patients released from mental hospitals. The need for such community programs is indicated by the more than doubling of net releases from state and county mental hospitals between 1955 and 1965.1 In addition, coupled with the rapid increase in hospital releases, 55% of all admissions in 1965 had a history of previous hospitalization.1 This high rate of readmission has called into question the effectiveness of community programs and hospital prerelease planning, and highlights the importance of establishing a close and effective hospital-community liaison.

This study is concerned with an analysis of the return rates

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