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March 1970

Adolescent EnuresisA Sociological Study of Family Interaction

Author Affiliations

From the Division of Child Health, Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle. Mrs. Umphress is currently with the Children's Home Society, Tacoma, Wash.

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1970;22(3):237-244. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1970.01740270045006

Enuresis, especially when of a chronic, severe nature, is bound to be a problem, not only for the youngster, but also for his family. It is often argued that the very stress produced by this problem is enough to account for disturbances not only in the child but also among his family members. It is also possible that enuresis is secondary to primary family disturbances or related to the parents' way of rearing their children. Or, there may be no relationship between enuresis and family disturbances at all. Studies of families of younger enuretics frequently have been conflicting and inconclusive. Several investigators1-5 have reported moderate to severe marital problems among parents of enuretics, often leading to broken homes. Psychiatric disturbances have been reported among parents of enuretics.2,5 Hallgren5 found them to be even more frequent in parents of children with both diurnal and nocturnal enuresis.

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