Forty five day-care hospital and 52 full-time patients were evaluated two and 12 months after release (91.5% of the treatment sample). At two months, symptom differences favoring full hospitalization were less pronounced than they had been at the time of patients' release; social adjustment as reported by patients was better in the day than in the full-time sample.
After one year, symptomatology in the two groups differed only in that day patients were significantly more intrapunitive than inpatients; the social performance of day subjects was superior to that of their full-time counterparts, according to both patients and their relatives. Further, 78% of day-care heads of households were employed. compared with only 52% of full-time patients in that category (P<.05). Incidence and duration of relapse were not significantly different in the two samples.
Michaux MH, Chelst MR, Foster SA, Pruim RJ, Dasinger EM. Postrelease Adjustment of Day and Full-Time Psychiatric Patients. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1973;29(5):647-651. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1973.04200050058010