June 1974

Companion Instruments for Measuring Children's Competence and Parental Style

Author Affiliations

Bethesda, Md; New Haven, Conn
From the Section on Twin and Sibling Studies, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Md (Dr. Dibble), and the Child Study Center, Yale University, New Haven, Conn (Dr. Cohen).

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1974;30(6):805-815. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1974.01760120061010

To better understand genetic, familial, and experiential contributions to competence and vulnerability, we have undertaken an epidemiological survey of personality development in twin children during the first six years of life. A series of new instruments has been created. This paper describes two questionnaire instruments and their validation: childhood personality scale, an instrument for reporting on a child's general personality and competence, and parent's report, an instrument designed to measure a parent's perception of his or her own parental style in relation to a particular child. The use of such instruments may help facilitate clinical communication about children and their parents and be of value in program evaluation and pediatric screening.