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April 1976

Schizophrenia—A Follow-up Study of Results of TreatmentII. Hospital Stay Over Two to Five Years

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Program Evaluation, Research, and Education (Dr May and Ms Potepan) and the Statistical Research Unit (Dr Dixon), Veterans Administration Hospital, Brentwood, Calif; the Neuropsychiatric Institute (Dr May) and the Health Sciences Computing Facility (Dr Dixon and Ms Yale), University of California at Los Angeles; and the Clinical Research Branch (Dr Tuma) of the National Institute of Mental Health, Rockville, Md.

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1976;33(4):481-486. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1976.01770040047009

• This is the second article from a study of the outcome of five different methods of treatment for schizophrenia; patients were followed up over a period of two to five years after first admission and the first release.

Patients who had been originally treated in hospital with psychotherapy alone stayed longer in hospital over the follow-up period than those who had received electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), drug alone, or drug plus psychotherapy. Those who had been treated with milieu therapy also had a longer stay dated from the time of admission.

Patients treated initially with drugs or ECT showed a trend toward spending less time in hospital after their release.