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March 1977

Short vs Long Hospitalization: A Prospective Controlled StudyVII. Two-Year Follow-up Results for Nonschizophrenics

Author Affiliations

From Inpatient Treatment and Research Service, Langley Porter Institute, University of California, San Francisco.

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1977;34(3):314-317. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1977.01770150072008

• A controlled, prospective study examined the relative effectiveness of short-term versus long-term psychiatric hospitalization. Results of a two-year follow-up of a sample of 74 nonschizophrenic subjects are reported here.

Two years affer admission there were no statistically reliable differences in functioning between short-term and long-term subjects with diagnoses of either affective disorders, or neurosis and personality disorders (including hysterical personality disorder). The findings reported do not support extended hospitalization for patients with these diagnoses. Caution regarding these findings is suggested by an anecdotal impression that short-term hospitalization may not have allowed for proper diagnosis and treatment for some persons in the affective disorder group.