• A group of 111 women physicians and 103 women PhDs, selected from the general community, were studied for the presence of psychiatric illness. Fifty-one percent of the MDs and 32% of the PhDs were diagnosed as having primary affective disorder (P <.01). Other psychiatric disorders were found in less than 10% of each group. Depression among the psychiatrists was significantly more common (73%) than among the other physicians (46%).
More than 50% of all the women reported prejudice in training or employment, and depressed subjects reported prejudice more often than well subjects.
The presence of children and depression were shown to disrupt a woman's professional career.
The finding of a high prevalence of affective disorder among women physicians is consistent with the reported excessive suicide risk for this group.
Weiner A, Marten S, Wochnick E, Davis MA, Fishman R, Clayton PJ. Psychiatric Disorders Among Professional Women. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1979;36(2):169-173. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1979.01780020059005