November 1980

Coping Styles of Chicago Adults: Effectiveness

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Psychiatry, University of California, Davis, Calif; and the Alhambra Psychotherapy Center, Sacramento, Calif.

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1980;37(11):1239-1243. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1980.01780240037004

• With a sample of 2,299 Chicago adults, a quantitive exploration is made of the effectiveness of different coping styles in dealing with stressor situations and feelings of distress associated with marriage, parenting, finances, and job; psychiatric symptomatology; and feelings of low self-efficacy. The specific measure of effectiveness is the extent to which one or more coping styles predicts a given dependent variable in a multiple regression analysis. As a group, coping strategies are more predictive of the stressor situation and feelings of personal distress than of psychiatric symptomatology or feelings of low self-efficacy. Also, coping styles relate differentially among the four life areas; they are more predictive of levels of stressors in marriage and parenting than in finances or job. Some coping styles are strongly predictive of low amounts of stressors; this is particularly true of the use of strategies that invoke direct action.