October 1981

Behavior Therapy vs Insight-Oriented Therapy for Repeated Suicide Attempters

Author Affiliations

From the Mental Health Research Center for the Study of Schizophrenia, Clinical Research Center for the Study of Schizophrenia and Rehabilitation and Training Center (Brentwood Veterans Administration Medical Center; Camarillo State Hospital; Department of Psychiatry, UCLA), Los Angeles.

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1981;38(10):1126-1130. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1981.01780350060007

• A behavior therapy package was compared with insightoriented therapy in a clinical trial for repeated suicide attempters. Self-report measures of depression, anxiety, and assertiveness were obtained before and after ten days of inpatient treatment and at follow-up intervals for nine months. Interviews with patients during a two-year follow-up period elicited frequency of suicidal attempts and ideation. Results indicated the superiority of the behavior therapy package, with the structured, brief hospitalization and assertive follow-up likely contributing to the main effects.