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Art and Images in Psychiatry
November 2006

Angelus Novus

Author Affiliations


Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2006;63(11):1177. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.63.11.1177

Art does not reproduce the visible, rather it makes visible.—Paul Klee's Creative Credo, 19201(p5)

On the same day in March 1916 that 36-year-old Paul Klee (1879-1940) received his red slip notifying him of his conscription into the German army, a telegram arrived announcing that his close friend and fellow artist, Franz Marc (1880-1916), had been killed by a grenade at the Battle of Verdun. Klee and Marc held opposing views about the war; Marc actively supported it, but Klee was indifferent to Marc's war: it did not affect him internally; the real war was already within himself. His friend's death was a time for soul searching and reflecting on their differences in personality and style. Contrasting himself to Marc, he wrote:

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