Hallak and coauthors examine the effectiveness and safety of a single intravenous administration of sodium nitroprusside on schizophrenia symptoms. See also the Article by Coyle.
Parboosing et al study a population-based birth cohort to determine whether maternal gestational influenza is related to bipolar disorder in their offspring.
Bryan and Clemans determined whether suicide risk is more frequent and heightened among deployed military personnel with multiple lifetime traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) than among those with no TBIs or a single TBI.
Ilgen et al examine the associations between clinical diagnoses of noncancer pain and suicide during a 1-year period in 4 863 086 individuals receiving care through the US Department of Veterans Healthcare System.
Young et al determine whether individuals at high familial risk for developing major depressive
disorder (MDD) show an autobiographic memory (AM) overgenerality bias. The authors use functional
magnetic resonance imaging to assess differences in functional correlates of AM recall across
high-risk, currently depressed MDD, and healthy control samples.
To provide estimates of familial risk for and heritability of obsessive-compulsive disorder
(OCD), Mataix-Cols et al performed population-based, multigenerational, case-control family and twin
studies using Swedish registries. Included were all individuals diagnosed as having OCD between 1969
and 2009 and their available relatives.
Crum et al used data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions to evaluate the hypothesis that alcohol self-medication of mood symptoms increases the probability of subsequent onset and the persistence or chronicity of alcohol dependence.
Seo and colleagues aimed to identify neural correlates associated with alcohol craving and relapse outcomes in 45 treatment-engaged, 4- to 8-week–abstinent alcohol-dependent patients, and compare brain responses of 30 demographically matched alcohol-dependent patients and 30 healthy control subjects during stress, alcohol, and neutral-relaxing cues. Volkow and Baler provide a related Article .
Humphreys and coauthors meta-analyze the longitudinal association between treatment with stimulant medication during childhood and later substance use disorders.
Weisz et al conduct a meta-analysis of 52 randomized trials directly comparing evidence-based
psychotherapies with usual clinical care for psychopathology in children and adolescents. See also
the Article by