Schoenbaum et al present data on prevalence, trends, and basic sociodemographic and Army experience correlates of suicides and accident deaths among active duty Regular Army soldiers between 2004 and 2009. They analyze predictors using Army and Department of Defense administrative data systems. See the Editorial by Friedman.
Kessler and colleagues estimated the proportions of 30-day DSM-IV mental disorders among nondeployed US Army personnel with first onsets prior to enlistment and the extent which role impairments associated with 30-day disorders differed depending on whether the disorders had pre- vs post-enlistment onsets. Friedman provided a related Article .
In a representative cross-sectional survey, Nock and coauthors estimate the lifetime prevalence and sociodemographic, Army career, and psychiatric predictors of suicidal behaviors among 5428 nondeployed US Army soldiers participating in the self-administered survey. See the editorial by Friedman.
Lerman et al examine alterations underlying nicotine dependence with the hypothesis that the salience, executive control, and default mode networks will reflect nicotine withdrawal and predict abstinence-induced craving and cognitive defects. See also the editorial by London and Ghahremani.
In an examination of a well-established monetary reward anticipation paradigm during functional magnetic resonance imaging, Grimm and coauthors examined a large sample of healthy first-degree relatives of schizophrenic patients and compared their neural responses to reward anticipation with those of carefully matched controls without a family psychiatric history. See the editorial by Abi-Dargham.
Byers et al determine the association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and disability among older adults and investigate if association differs by chronicity of PTSD.
Bowen et al compared the long-term efficacy of mindfulness-based relapse prevention with the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral relapse prevention and treatment as usual in participants who had successfully completed initial treatment for substance use disorders.
Alegría and coauthors examine whether the DECIDE intervention improves activation, self-management, engagement, and retention in behavioral health care.
Gustafson et al determine whether patients leaving residential treatment for alcohol use disorders with a smartphone application to support recovery have fewer risky drinking days than control patients.
Mors et al derive comprehensive and precise estimates of the incidence rate of and lifetime risk for any mental disorder and a range of specific mental disorders in a nationwide study of the Danish population.