This Viewpoint reports on the accumulating data indicating that inflammation may play a role in a host of psychiatric illnesses.
This Viewpoint discusses the effect of air pollutants on the brain and the benefits of environmental regulations and compliance and enforcement actions.
This cross-sectional imaging study identifies the effects of prenatal polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure on brain structure and assesses the cognitive and behavioral correlates of those abnormalities in school-age children.
This epigenetic association study investigates whether aberrant DNA methylation contributes to circuit- and diagnosis-specific abnormal expression of GAD1 regulatory network genes in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.
This study suggests that hemispheric specialization could serve as a potential imaging biomarker of schizophrenia.
This retrospective cohort design uses administrative data to examine the association between deployment and suicide among all 3.9 million US military personnel who served during Operation Enduring Freedom or Operation Iraqi Freedom, including suicides that occurred after separation.
This population-based cohort study finds that a first self-poisoning episode is a strong predictor of subsequent suicide and premature death.
National Survey of American Life data were used to examine the interaction of urbanicity and race/ethnicity on lifetime and 12-month major depressive disorder and mood disorder prevalence for African American women and non-Hispanic white women.
This case-control study finds that cocaine addiction is associated with disturbed resting-state functional connectivity in several specific striatal-cortical circuits.
This randomized clinical trial in patients with comorbid adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and cocaine use disorder examined whether extended-release mixed amphetamine salts are effective for both improving symptoms of ADHD and reducing cocaine use.
The findings of this database study provide an empirical foundation for a neurocognitive model in which network dysfunction underlies core cognitive and affective abnormalities in depression.
This population-based cohort study reports an independent association of depression and diabetes mellitus (DM) with the risk for dementia in a national population sample from medical registries. See also the Invited Commentary by Reynolds.
This meta-analysis discusses the speed of psychosis progression in patients at ultra-high risk.