JACKPICKLEMANMDFrom the Lynn Sage Comprehensive Breast Center, Department of Surgery, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, Ill.
Infusion of the breast with a tumescent solution of dilute epinephrine hydrochloride in lactated Ringer solution in patients undergoing modified radical mastectomy allows the procedure to be performed rapidly with scalpel dissection and minimal blood loss. The classic technique of modified radical mastectomy with addition of the tumescent solution is described herein.
Staradub VL, Morrow M. Modified Radical Mastectomy With Knife Technique. Arch Surg. 2002;137(1):105-110. doi:10.1001/archsurg.137.1.105