DEEPLY EMBEDDED IN the surgical traditions of the United States is the opportunity to spend time studying in a foreign land, a wanderjahr, as William Halsted liked to call it. This concept has certainly changed with the course of time, but for the early American surgeon, to travel and study abroad was an enormous personal undertaking. Such a trip required careful planning and a fair amount of financial prearrangements. Unfortunately, other than word-of-mouth information, the prospective traveler had few individuals or institutions to assist with the preparations. In 1843, the first American surgical travel guide appeared, Ferdinand Campbell Stewart's Hospitals and Surgeons of Paris.
Rutkow IM. Ferdinand Campbell Stewart's Surgical Travel Guide. Arch Surg. 2002;137(1):115. doi:10.1001/archsurg.137.1.115