The authors describe in exquisite detail the technologic strategies used to transmit, in wireless form, the performance of a bilateral inguinal herniorrhaphy on a woman over a great distance. Image stability is clearly an issue resolved by removing the human hand from the process. As presented by its ardent supporters, telesurgery is an interesting if not overly stated concept. Telepresence, telementoring, and telerobotics are terms that are creeping into the literature, at best describing feasibility studies to validate a concept.
Greenburg AG. Telesurgical Presence and Consultation for Open Surgery—Invited Critique. Arch Surg. 2002;137(12):1363. doi:10.1001/archsurg.137.12.1363