EDWARD E.CORNWELLMDPAMELA A.LIPSETTMDRICHARD D.SCHULICKMD
Electrothermal energy, especially in the form of monopolar diathermy, is used widely for dissection during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. While this is largely safe, occasionally there can be unrecognized transfer of energy in the operating area, resulting in electrothermal injury. We report a series of 3 patients who underwent uneventful laparoscopic cholecystectomies but were readmitted 4 to 5 days later with pinhole leaks from the common bile duct as a result of coagulative necrosis caused by unrecognized energy transfer. We suggest that surgeons keep the use of monopolar diathermy to a minimum while dissecting near vital structures.
Humes DJ, Ahmed I, Lobo DN. The Pedicle Effect and Direct CouplingDelayed Thermal Injuries to the Bile Duct After Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy. Arch Surg. 2010;145(1):96-98. doi:10.1001/archsurg.2009.236