Implementation science is the study and application of methods to promote the integration of evidence-based research findings into health care policy and practice.1,2 This field has emerged over the past decade as an innovative scientific approach designed to allow health care professionals to better understand implementation barriers, processes, and facilitators within health care systems, as well as develop strategies for improving the adoption of effective practices.2 Surgeons can use implementation methods and strategies to promote the successful uptake of new evidence-based interventions into their own practice-based setting.
Brooke BS, Finlayson SRG. What Surgeons Can Learn From the Emerging Science of Implementation. JAMA Surg. 2015;150(10):1006-1007. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2240